- Jun 2014
- Lisbon, Portugal
The making up of the romanticized Tibetan Buddhism is also a result of a propaganda campaign against communist China in the West.Good point about Buddhism.Like christianity and any organised religion, theory and practice vary enormously. Can't go past Tibetan Buddhism for superstitious and nasty. Have never understood why so many people continue to support the theocracy of the 13th Dalai Lama. Ashoka also a good example of selective history.
I don't know why we even need to have that debate about whether Nazism and Fascism is the same thing or they were different.The argument about whether the Nazis were fascist is a little contentious .However, they were by no means the same in theory or in practice as far as I can see.
Mussolini invented modern day fascism in 1922, taking the name from the Roman fasces, a bundle of rods surrounding a 2 headed axe head carried by lictors, as a sign the of authority of a magistrate. Probably fair to say the Nazis adopted some ideas from the Italians, such as the legitimacy of political murders. Each had its own take, based on its own country's myths, prejudices and desires.Mussolini had a gaol of restoring the Roman Empire. The Nazis looked back to teutonic myth, and an empire of racially pure Aryans ( a term they seemed to have used rather loosely) The Nazis' antisemitism was their own. The long and short term effects of that policy as it developed into "the final solution of the Jewish question" cannot be overestimated.
They were part of the same grand movement and historical political wave that was spreading throughout Europe after the First World War - they share more similarities than differences; they shared the same world view in the way that they wanted to create a new world order and destroy liberalism and socialism; the two saw themselves as brethren movements and were planning to build a new Europe only for themselves; etc, etc.
Ok, we don't have to call Nazis as "Fascists", but we certainly need to create a single label or name that will include all those "fascistic" movements that appeared in Europe in the inter-war period and led the continent once more to a terrible war.
We call both the American and French revolutions as "liberal" although they were many differences among the two - we call Scandinavian Social-Democracy, Chavez Venezuela and Kim's North Korea as "socialist", so why not create a single label for that charismatic and revolutionary form of far-right movement that appeared in that period?
By the way, Nazi's antisemitism was not their own. What makes it their own thing is how they were able to take antisemitism to the extreme level and ultimately try to physically erase Jewry from the European continent (although it happened in the context of total war, not of peace or civilian policy) - but their antisemitic ideas were not novel or unique.