- Oct 2013
True.I'm no linguist, but I'd bet the English term "Germany" comes from the Italian "Kingdom of Germania" - which in turn is derived from the Latin based "Germania" used during the Roman Imperial period as a designation for Netherlands, Belgium, some of France, and a bit of Germany (and occasionally applied to all Germanic realms by modern historians, I am unsure if the Romans applied the name "Germania" to ALL German lands though, or just those West of the Rhine).
Anyway, the "Kingdom of the Teutons" was a term which came about for political reasons to designate different nationalities in the HRE - the Kingdom of Italy was the other major designation (since West Francia was no longer a part of the Empire). This is the same entity that in English became "Kingdom of Germany" and the heir of the Holy Roman Empire would first be granted the title of "King of Germany" in a similar way to how the heir of the Kingdom of England is granted the title "Prince of Wales" - just with one level of Nobility downward. Then the various other names (Tyskland, Allemagne, Deutschland, Saksa) have other histories and/or etymological (Germany equivalent origins) reasons for the names. But because the HRE effectively broke up into multi-ethnic groups, the designation for Germany survived its end.
In short, East Francia sort of transformed into the HRE, and the HRE formed Kingdoms based on ethnicities, so rather than keeping "Frank" as the basis, it went with German and Italian.
"Germania" (it.)/"Germany" (engl.)/"Γερμανία " (gr.) - from the Latin "Germania", the territories north of Alps.
"Allemagne" (fr.)/ "Alemania" (esp.)/"Alemanha" (port) - from Alamans, Germanic tribes living between Rhine and Danube. (the name would come from German "alle" (all) + "man" (man) = all people= tribe federation)
"Saksa " (fin.)/"Saksamaa" (est) - from "Saxony"
"Niemcy" (pol)/"Německo" (cz.)/"Német" (hu.)/"Немецкий" (rus.) - from slavic "mute" -> cannot speak (our language)
"Deutschland " (germ.)/"Duitsland" (nl.)/"Tyskland" (su.dk.) - from theudisk -> thiot =people
The funny think would be the real answer to the OP:
Why Germany's name is not France?
Because it's Deutschland!