Why is Ethiopia poor even though it was never colonized?

AlpinLuke

Forum Staff
Oct 2011
27,610
Italy, Lago Maggiore
Which is the relation between a colonial past and being a poor or a rich country? It's obvious that it's not easy to colonize a rich or powerful country ... Europeans have never been able to colonize China, just to say ... it was to poweful. The colonial Empires colonized weak countries [at least weaker than them].
 
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Reactions: notgivenaway
Mar 2018
981
UK
I know it was occupied for 5 years but did that 5 years really made it poor?
Because having been colonised is not a major cause of countries being poor? As political incorrect as it is to say, not every aspect of imperialism and colonialism was detrimental.
 
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robto

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
6,267
Lisbon, Portugal
Which is the relation between a colonial past and being a poor or a rich country? It's obvious that it's not easy to colonize a rich or powerful country ... Europeans have never been able to colonize China, just to say ... it was to poweful. The colonial Empires colonized weak countries [at least weaker than them].
China was actually weaker than most European powers at the second half of the 19th century. What made them not colonize the country, just as India was colonized, it's because they could gain more by recurring to "soft colonialism" instead of a "hard" one. By all effects, China was indeed subjugated to foreign powers by that time.
 

Pacific_Victory

Ad Honorem
Oct 2011
7,654
MARE PACIFICVM
This is really two different questons: 1.) Why is Ethiopia poor?
2.) "Even though it was never colonized" - in other words, what were the economic effects of non-colonization on Ethiopia compared to a hypothetical situation where it was indeed colonized?

Neither of these is an easy question. In any case we would be better served looking at them one at a time.

A third, more general question follows - Is there a causal link between having been colonized and modern poverty?

This is no doubt the direction the conversation will take, but it is even more complicated than the first two, and we are unlikely to solve it sufficiently without a lot of good will and concentrated effort.
 
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kandal

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,862
USA
It is not an easy question to answer. The answer most probably lies in its native culture.
 
May 2015
1,301
Germany
The thing is that the country is still fairly unurbanized, with the village folk still living like in the middle ages (especially in the southwest). The population explosion is also a challenge.

It is not an easy question to answer. The answer most probably lies in its native culture.
What's with its native culture?
 
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Jul 2017
294
Srpska
What makes countries poor is a financial question. The most prevalent cause is lack of investments. Investments mean local banking loans and repayments.