Why is Ethiopia poor even though it was never colonized?

AlpinLuke

Ad Honoris
Oct 2011
24,083
Lago Maggiore, Italy
#2
Which is the relation between a colonial past and being a poor or a rich country? It's obvious that it's not easy to colonize a rich or powerful country ... Europeans have never been able to colonize China, just to say ... it was to poweful. The colonial Empires colonized weak countries [at least weaker than them].
 
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robto

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,693
Lisbon, Portugal
#5
Which is the relation between a colonial past and being a poor or a rich country? It's obvious that it's not easy to colonize a rich or powerful country ... Europeans have never been able to colonize China, just to say ... it was to poweful. The colonial Empires colonized weak countries [at least weaker than them].
China was actually weaker than most European powers at the second half of the 19th century. What made them not colonize the country, just as India was colonized, it's because they could gain more by recurring to "soft colonialism" instead of a "hard" one. By all effects, China was indeed subjugated to foreign powers by that time.
 
Oct 2011
7,602
MARE PACIFICVM
#6
This is really two different questons: 1.) Why is Ethiopia poor?
2.) "Even though it was never colonized" - in other words, what were the economic effects of non-colonization on Ethiopia compared to a hypothetical situation where it was indeed colonized?

Neither of these is an easy question. In any case we would be better served looking at them one at a time.

A third, more general question follows - Is there a causal link between having been colonized and modern poverty?

This is no doubt the direction the conversation will take, but it is even more complicated than the first two, and we are unlikely to solve it sufficiently without a lot of good will and concentrated effort.
 
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Likes: Zanis
May 2015
1,262
Germany
#9
The thing is that the country is still fairly unurbanized, with the village folk still living like in the middle ages (especially in the southwest). The population explosion is also a challenge.

It is not an easy question to answer. The answer most probably lies in its native culture.
What's with its native culture?
 
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