Why is North Indian Buddhist Architecture being called Islamic?

The Romans learned from the Greeks. The ancient Greeks introduced the arch in Italian visible today in the south of the peninsula and in Sicily.

All are Indo-Europeans, so the (IE) Indians inherited the arch from their far-away (linguistic) cousins.
Not quite. The greeks, as other civilizations thousands of year before, did use the arch. But there is a difference between building one arch and systematically using it as an engineering system. And the romans were the first to do the latter.
 
Jul 2014
1,834
Yes
Not quite. The greeks, as other civilizations thousands of year before, did use the arch. But there is a difference between building one arch and systematically using it as an engineering system. And the romans were the first to do the latter.
Fact is, they learned the arch from the Greeks. Many other things were also Etruscan in origin. Ancient Roman architecture developed different aspects of Ancient Greek architecture, this is a fact...
 
Jul 2014
1,834
Yes
The Etruscan civilization first employed the basic principles of the arch in construction, but the Romans were the first to fully utilize the structural advantages of the true arch, vault and dome. Arches and arched openings are one of the essential elements in the vocabulary of Roman architecture. With the advent of the arch, it became possible for builders to span large openings without having to provide any intermediate supports, as it almost eliminates tensile stresses on the building materials. Managing tensile stresses had always been a problem faced by builders, as none of the common building materials used during that time were good in tension. This problem was now overcome, and massive interior spaces could be capped by vaults or domes. This system however did transmit lateral loads on the supporting piers or walls, which thus had to be adequately reinforced.
 
Fact is, they learned the arch from the Greeks. Many other things were also Etruscan in origin. Ancient Roman architecture developed different aspects of Ancient Greek architecture, this is a fact...
Were some aspects of roman architecture influencied by the greek tradition? Absolutely, just as the greek one was influencied from older ones. But somehow saying the roman architecture and engineer was a consequence or a pure developement of hellenistic architecture is plain wrong. Especially engineering, which was miles ahead of any other civilization had accomplished.

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Those pictures you posted are all roman buildings. So I'm not sure how that supports your point.

Again from your own posts:

"but the Romans were the first to fully utilize the structural advantages of the true arch, vault and dome."

This is what I'm saying. Many cultures, some much earlier than the greeks, used arches in some way. But their use were very limited. The romans were the first to truly understand the potential or the arch in the pre industrial revolution world. Not only arches, but vaults and domes as well.
 
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Dec 2014
1
Kolkata
Your source is factually incorrect. True arch was present in Indian architecture even in the earliest surviving temples. Balban's tomb isn't the earliest example of true arch in the subcontinent.


Bhitargaon Brick temple. (look at the entrance)





Mahabodhi temple before restoration. (look at the extreme right)


This is incorrect I'm afraid. The pictures you've referred to all show corbel arches later restored using true arches. Here's a picture of the Bhitargaon temple before restoration. Classic corbel arches.:



Most of the true arches we see today from the Gupta/Buddhist period are a result of restoration of earlier corbel arches. It wasn't before the Balban's tomb that the true arch actually came to India.
 
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