2019 has been a year of substantial progress in the United States and the world as a whole. Gender and racial roles have begun enormous transformations throughout the world as laws change to protect individual rights and opportunities. This year marks the 400-year anniversary of Africans arriving in the territory now known as the state of Virginia. While this is a substantial milestone in the history of African Americans, it seems to me that it reflects the history of a predominantly white perspective on what's important in American history. This year also marks the 100-year anniversary of the Red Summer, which resulted in the deaths of hundreds of African Americans across the United States. It seems to me that historians are choosing to remember the more pleasant of the two events rather than acknowledging the fact that these two histories are intimately intertwined. Though the year is nearly over, it seems important to acknowledge the horrors African Americans were submitted to in the not so distant past and pay homage to the individuals who's backs the United States was built upon. I believe that it is the public historian’s responsibility to carry out realistic historical education on behalf of those who perished or were terrorized during the Red Summer. I cannot think of a better way to honor them myself than to open a thread to encourage discussion that immortalizes the contributions African American men and women have made to the United States and the world at large. I encourage anyone who reads this thread to contribute an accomplishment/s of an African American in individual or group throughout history. Thank you for your attention. I look forward to any and all contributions.