Why were there no mass conversions to Protestantism in the Eastern Orthodox lands?


Ad Honorem
Sep 2011
Functional capitalism would not be recognized in the 16th Century German States or Holland. It would be more than a century before real capitalism; individual collection of capital absent control by Courts of the Aristocracy. It would be helpful if people had a better understanding of what capitalism is, basically it was freeing individuals from the autocracy of Aristocratic Courts determining what economic rights and opportunities you can or could possess. It meant that unless some court buffoon could see his way to profitting, economic improvement for societies as a whole were prevented.

Read Milton Friedman's Capitalism and Freedom
or perhaps Fredrich Hayek's The Road to Serfdom
Yes, well, it wasn't a digital on-off situation. Capitalism emerged girded by those kinds of constraints. But if you apply a kind of idealistic conception of complete deregulation and legal equality history makes no sense.
(It's a bit like the problem of analytic definitions of historic concepts and situations – mostly they just end up telling you that whatever situation didn't live up to the ideal concept of the analytic definition and so supposedly "wasn't that", but that just leaves everyone with the historically MUCH more relevant question of "So how did things really work then?")
The Dutch trading interests allowed sufficient new and extended freedom to do business like this to be highly relevant. The world itself ALSO wasn't treated as somehow a level playing field for the purposes of people being allowed to make their fortune. The overseas colonies often allowed things unheard of in Europe. (The Dutch colony of Surinam had a decidedly striking presence of a proportionally large number of Jewish plantation owners fx. The Portugese crown in Brazil allowed Jews to do all kinds of things not allowed anywhere else – since Brazil was considered a rubbish colony anyway initially, so the Jews were allowed to even go there for starters.)