- Feb 2011
- Amelia, Virginia, USA
Let’s say the US continues to support South Vietnam. When does the US “win”?Its not like "The People" decided that Saigon should fall, by the 70s there was barely even a true Vietcong insurgency left, it was primarily led and organized by outsiders (North Vietnamese). At that point, the Republic of Vietnams greatest threat was conventional military invasion from North Vietnam, which they could never get a handle on because North Vietnam was giving everything they had to victory and was being supported with as much weapons and supplies as it was possible to give by the two strongest communist countries in the world. And who did the South Vietnam have? Up until 1973, they had the US. What about after 1973? They had nobody.
That is the only reason why North Vietnam won. Because in 1974, they had a giant mechanized army, with tank regiments, lots of artillery, supply lines, even an air force. Every possible logistical or monetary need was being supplied to them by the USSR or PRC. Who did the South Vietnam have? Nobody. They were on their own, and because of the oil embargo and inflation problems, they couldn't even afford gasoline to move their forces in a war of maneuver against the invading North Vietnamese in 1975.
The only question is, why did the US stop supporting South Vietnam? It had nothing to do with defeats, it had only to do with morale and ideology. Suffice to say, enough Americans, especially in Congress and the media, were vehemently opposed to any further assistance to the South Vietnamese. We didn't just stop supporting them with ground troops, we largely cut them off from supplies, and violated the 1973 Paris Peace Accords where we promised to supply them if the North Vietnamese broke the deal (which they did). But by then, Congress had washed their hands of it, hamstrung POTUS by passing the War Powers Resolution in '73, which would forbid any long term commitment without Congressional approval (which they wouldn't give), and then when Nixon Veto'd it, they overruled his veto. At that point, Vietnam was lost, it was only a matter of North Vietnam needing a few years to rebuild their forces after getting decimated in their 1972 Easter Offensive.