But he didn't. Russians got rid of the Tsar without communism. The communists did not overthrow the tsar, they overthrew a fledgling democratic Russian Republic.Yeah but that was because the tsar had already been undermined by WWI and associated problems. Of course they were worse than the setbacks of 1904-5, which the tsarist regime weathered, just like it had done since the Decembrists. Without major defeats (and privations) in wartime, the tsar probably would've staunchly clung to power, even as demands for political reform redoubled with progress. The result, by 1941, could've been utterly ruinous.